Renouncing your non-Thai citizenship
During the Thai citizenship application process, you will be asked to sign a ‘letter of intention’ to renounce your foreign citizenship. Upon acquisition of your Thai citizenship, Special Branch will inform your embassy of the fact.
This confuses many people and is often interpreted as you MUST renounce your foreign citizenship upon acquisition of Thai nationality. People also assume that by virtue of the letter you are effectively announcing your foreign citizenship.
The reality is different however.
Renunciation isn’t compulsory and the letter merely states that you have the intention of renouncing when applying. And intentions can change, so if you change your mind upon receiving Thai nationality, no one is going to come after you…
The letter, for most countries which allow dual nationality, is meaningless. Most countries have their own formal processes by which a person must go through before they renounce their citizenship.
Australia, NZ and the UK for instance require you to formally apply for renunciation, and to pay a fee for it to be processed. The United States has an even more convoluted process, which requires any outstanding taxation matters to be settled with the IRS before any renunciation can be processed. So, unless you have gone through these formal processes, your original citizenship remains yours.
So why is the letter needed then? Two main reasons we can think of.
Some countries which don’t allow dual nationality (Malaysia, Singapore, Austria and China) and the mere act of procuring another citizenship will be seen as an effective renunciation. These countries will want to know if their citizens have surreptitiously acquired a second passport. In these cases, notification by the Thai authorities of a successful application for Thai citizenship will in some cases mean an automatic renunciation of your original citizenship.
Secondly, within the Thai bureaucracy at the Ministry of Interior, there is still an old guard of people who do not agree with the concept dual citizenship, despite it effectively being legal since 1992. This letter is seen as a sop and and a face saving maneuver to these placate these people, but as explained above, it is effectively meaningless.